By the end of this section, you will be able to: – Explain the basic principles of the theory of evolution by natural selection – Describe the differences between genotype and phenotype – Discuss how gene-environment interactions are critical for expression of physical and psychological characteristics
Scientists are engaged in explaining and understanding how the world around them works, and they are able to do so by coming up with theories that generate hypotheses that are testable and falsifiable. Theories that stand up to their tests are retained and refined, while those that do not are discarded or modified. In this…
By the end of this section, you will be able to: – Discuss how research involving human subjects is regulated – Summarize the processes of informed consent and debriefing – Explain how research involving animal subjects is regulated
By the end of this section, you will be able to: – Explain what a correlation coefficient tells us about the relationship between variables – Recognize that correlation does not indicate a cause-and-effect relationship between variables – Discuss our tendency to look for relationships between variables that do not really exist – Explain random sampling…
By the end of this section, you will be able to: – Describe the different research methods used by psychologists – Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of case studies, naturalistic observation, surveys, and archival research – Compare longitudinal and cross-sectional approaches to research – Compare and contrast correlation and causation
By the end of this section, you will be able to: – Explain how scientific research addresses questions about behavior – Discuss how scientific research guides public policy – Appreciate how scientific research can be important in making personal decisions
Psychology is defined as the scientific study of mind and behavior. Students of psychology develop critical thinking skills, become familiar with the scientific method, and recognize the complexity of behavior.
1) Understand educational requirements for careers in academic settings 2) Understand the demands of a career in an academic setting 3) Understand career options outside of academic settings.
1) Appreciate the diversity of interests and foci within psychology 2) Understand basic interests and applications in each of the described areas of psycholog 3) Demonstrate familiarity with some of the major concepts or important figures in each of the described areas of psychology.
1) Understand the importance of Wundt and James in the development of psychology 2) Appreciate Freud’s influence on psychology 3) Understand the basic tenets of Gestalt psychology 4) Appreciate the important role that behaviorism played in psychology’s history 5) Understand basic tenets of humanism 6) Understand how the cognitive revolution shifted psychology’s focus back to…